Tailwind CSS version

Utilities for rotating elements with transform.

Class reference

.rotate-0--transform-rotate: 0;
.rotate-1--transform-rotate: 1deg;
.rotate-2--transform-rotate: 2deg;
.rotate-3--transform-rotate: 3deg;
.rotate-6--transform-rotate: 6deg;
.rotate-12--transform-rotate: 12deg;
.rotate-45--transform-rotate: 45deg;
.rotate-90--transform-rotate: 90deg;
.rotate-180--transform-rotate: 180deg;
.-rotate-180--transform-rotate: -180deg;
.-rotate-90--transform-rotate: -90deg;
.-rotate-45--transform-rotate: -45deg;
.-rotate-12--transform-rotate: -12deg;
.-rotate-6--transform-rotate: -6deg;
.-rotate-3--transform-rotate: -3deg;
.-rotate-2--transform-rotate: -2deg;
.-rotate-1--transform-rotate: -1deg;


Rotate an element by first enabling transforms with the transform utility, then specifying the rotation angle using the rotate-{angle} utilities.

<img class="transform rotate-0 ...">
<img class="transform rotate-45 ...">
<img class="transform rotate-90 ...">
<img class="transform rotate-180 ...">

Note that because Tailwind implements transforms using CSS custom properties, the transform utilities are not supported in older browsers like IE11. If you need transforms for your project and need to support older browsers, add your own utilities or other custom CSS.


To control the rotation of an element at a specific breakpoint, add a {screen}: prefix to any existing rotate utility. For example, use md:rotate-90 to apply the rotate-90 utility at only medium screen sizes and above.

For more information about Tailwind's responsive design features, check out the Responsive Design documentation.

<img class="transform rotate-0 sm:rotate-45 md:rotate-90 lg:rotate-180 xl:-rotate-90...">


Rotate scale

By default Tailwind provides seven general purpose rotate utilities. You change, add, or remove these by editing the theme.rotate section of your Tailwind config.

  // tailwind.config.js
  module.exports = {
    theme: {
      rotate: {
-       '-180': '-180deg',
        '-90': '-90deg',
-       '-45': '-45deg',
        '0': '0',
        '45': '45deg',
        '90': '90deg',
+       '135': '135deg',
        '180': '180deg',
+       '270': '270deg',

Learn more about customizing the default theme in the theme customization documentation.

Responsive and pseudo-class variants

By default, only responsive, hover and focus variants are generated for rotate utilities.

You can control which variants are generated for the rotate utilities by modifying the rotate property in the variants section of your tailwind.config.js file.

For example, this config will also generate active and group-hover variants:

  // tailwind.config.js
  module.exports = {
    variants: {
      // ...
-     rotate: ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus'],
+     rotate: ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus', 'active', 'group-hover'],


If you don't plan to use the rotate utilities in your project, you can disable them entirely by setting the rotate property to false in the corePlugins section of your config file:

  // tailwind.config.js
  module.exports = {
    corePlugins: {
      // ...
+     rotate: false,

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